The Cannabis plant (including both hemp and marijuana), has been a hot topic in recent years, as more and more states begin to decriminalize or even vote to legalize the cultivation of it. As a society we are all very familiar with THC, tetrahydrocannabinol, a main constituent in many marijuana plants, but many are not as familiar with the other important cannabinoids found in cannabis, one being CBD or Cannabidiol. CBD and THC are two main constituents found in the Cannabis plant, and both belong to a class of over 60 compounds known as cannabinoids.
Throughout the years, we have seen many strains of marijuana grown with high levels of THC, while high CBD strains are very rare until recent times. The last couple of years, interest in CBD has grown tremendously, due mainly to its medicinal qualities, causing us to also see more and more high CBD strains.
Even though CBD and THC are both in the same class of compounds (cannabinoids), there are several very important characteristics that differentiate the two.
THC is a psychoactive ingredient in marijuana and will get you high, while CBD will not. In fact, research shows that CBD can actually counteract the psycho-activity of THC. CBD is a way for consumers to receive the medicinal benefits of Cannabid, without feeling “stoned.”
CBD has a greater affinity for CB2 receptors than CB1. THC has a greater affinity for CB1 receptors. Most of CBD’s therapeutic influence stems from its ability to break down anandamide (another cannabinoid) naturally produced in the body, often referred to as the bliss molecule. This keeps the natural cannabinoid active at higher concentrations for longer periods of time.